Legal aspects of stay in Poland


We present the first post in our series concerning the legal aspects of stay in Poland. We hope it will be useful!




A foreigner may cross the border and stay on Polish territory if he has:


  • a valid travel document;

  • a valid visa, or other valid document entitling him to enter and stay in that territory, if required;

  • permission to enter another country or a residence permit in another country, if such permits are required for transit.


A foreigner may travel and reside in the Schengen states (including the Polish territory) without a visa for a period not exceeding 3 months during the period of six months on the basis of a national visa, or the residence permit issued by one Schengen country, in case of Poland – a residence card, provided it meets the general conditions of entry and stay on the territory of the Schengen area, which are:


  • he has a valid travel document,

  • can justify the purpose and conditions of the intended stay, and

  • has sufficient resources or the ability to obtain them legally, and

  • he is not considered a threat to public order, internal security, public health or international relations of any of the Member States, in particular, there was no entry made against him on this basis in the national databases of Member States for the purposes of refusing entry.


Schengen area comprises of the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Dania, Finland, France, Greece, Spain, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Germany, Portugal, Sweden, Italy, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Malta, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, as well as Switzerland , Norway and Iceland (the last 3 countries participate in the Schengen area, however, they are not the Member States of the EU).

It should be emphasized that the United Kingdom, Ireland, Cyprus, Bulgaria and Romania are the Member States of the EU, however, they do not participate in the Schengen area.